Archives

Theory of change thinking in practice: A step wise approach  

Author: Marjan van Es, Irene Guijt and Isabel Vogel
Full Citation: van Es, M., Guijt, I., & Vogel, I. (2015). Theory of change thinking in practice: A step wise approach. Hague, Netherlands: HIVOS
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Untaming aid through action research: Seeking transformative reflective action

Author: Kent Glenzer and Alfredo Ortiz
Full Citation: Glenzer, K., & Ortiz, A. (2017). Untaming aid through action research: Seeking transformative reflective action. Manuscript submitted for publication
Resource Type:
  • Research
    • Qualitative
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Theories and indicators of change concepts and primers for conflict management and mitigation

Author: Eileen Babbitt, Diana Chigas and Robert Wilkinson
Full Citation: Babbitt, E., Chigas, D., & Wilkinson, R. (2013). Theories and indicators of change concepts and primers for conflict management and mitigation. Washington, DC: USAID  
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
  • USAID Resources
    • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

An analysis of theories of change in USAID solicitations for education programs in crisis and conflict affected environments

Author: USAID Education in Crisis and Conflict Network
Full Citation: USAID Education in Crisis and Conflict Network. (2016). An analysis of theories of change in USAID solicitations for education programs in crisis and conflict affected environments. Washington, DC: Authors
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
  • ECCN Resources
    • Research and Reviews
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Adaptive Management
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Adaptive Management, Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Emergent Theories of Change

The complex contexts for the work of those engaged in Education in Crisis-and-Conflict-Affected Environments (EiCC) call for innovative approaches to the design, management, and evaluation of projects seeking to increase equitable access to education.

ECCN has produced the study An Analysis of Theories of Change in USAID Solicitations for EiCC, which examines USAID EiCC project designs, using the lens of planned and emergent theories of change, Read more  »

Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Developmental evaluation: applying complexity concepts to enhance innovation and use

Author: Michael Quinn Patton
Full Citation: Patton, M. Q. (2011). Developmental evaluation: applying complexity concepts to enhance innovation and use. New York: Guilford Press.
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Adaptive Management
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Adaptive Management, Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Monitoring and Evaluation, Theories of Change

Management not models: adaptability, responsiveness, and a few lessons from football

Author: Christopher Macclay
Full Citation: Maclay, C. (2015). Management not models: adaptability, responsiveness, and a few lessons from football. Development in Practice, 25:1, pp: 42 – 57.
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Adaptive Management
    • Theories of Change
Location(s):
  • Asia
    • Bangladesh
Posted in Adaptive Management, Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Change forces: the sequel

Author: Michael Fullan
Full Citation: Fullan, M. (1999). Change forces: the sequel. Philadelphia: Falmer Press.
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Location(s):
  • Asia
  • North America
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Peace building with impact: defining theory of change

Author: Care International UK
Full Citation: Care International UK. (2012) Peace building with impact: defining theory of change. London: Author
Resource Type:
  • Research
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Conflict Sensitivity in Programming
    • Peacebuilding Programming
    • Theories of Change
Location(s):
  • Africa
    • DRC
    • Uganda
  • Asia
    • Nepal
Posted in Conflict Sensitivity in Programming, Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Peacebuilding Programming, Theories of Change

Applying a theory of change approach to the evaluation of comprehensive community initiatives: progress, prospects and problems

Author: James P. Connell and Anne C. Kubisch
Full Citation: Connell, J. P. and A. C. Kubisch (1998). Applying a theory of change approach to the evaluation of comprehensive community initiatives: progress, prospects and problems, in K. Fulbright-Anderson, A. C. Kubisch and J. P. Connell (eds.). New Approaches to Community Initiatives: Volume 2 – Theory, Measurement and Analysis. Washington, DC: Aspen Institute
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Escaping capability traps through problem-driven iterative adaptation (PDIA)

Author: Matt Andrews, Lant Pritchett, and Michael Woolcock
Full Citation: Andrews, M., Pritchett, Lant., & Woolcock, M. (2012). Escaping capability traps through problem-driven iterative adaptation (PDIA). (Working Paper 299). Washington D.C: Center for Global Development
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Assessing and learning for social change

Author: Irene Guijt
Full Citation: Guijt, I. (2007). Assessing and Learning for Social Change: A Discussion Paper. Brighton, UK: Institute Development Studies.
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
  • Research
    • Qualitative
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Adaptive Management
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Adaptive Management, Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Monitoring and Evaluation, Theories of Change

Theory of change review: a report commissioned by Comic Relief

Author: Cathy James
Full Citation: James, C. (2011). Theory of change review: a report commissioned by Comic Relief. London, UK: Comic Relief
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
  • Research
    • Qualitative
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Location(s):
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • North America
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

A three-fold theory of social change and implications for practice, planning, monitoring and evaluation

Author: Doug Reeler
Full Citation: Reeler, D. (2007). A three-fold theory of social change and implications for practice, planning, monitoring and evaluation. Cape Town, South Africa: Community Development Resource Association.
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Theory of change (methodological briefs)

Author: Patricia Rogers
Full Citation: Rogers, P. (2014). Theory of Change. (Methodological briefs: impact evaluation 2). Florence, Italy: UNICEF
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Location(s):
  • Asia
    • Bangladesh
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Understanding theory of change in international development

Author: Danielle Stein and Craig Valters
Full Citation: Stein, D., & Valters, C. (2012). Understanding theory of change in international development. (JSRP Paper 1). London, UK: Justice and Security Research Programme
Resource Type:
  • Literature Review – Rigorous
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Monitoring and Evaluation, Theories of Change

Theory of change basics, a primer on theory of change

Author: Dana H Taplin and Heléne Clark
Full Citation: Taplin, H. D., & Clark, H. (2012). Theory of change basics, a primer on theory of change. New York: ActKnowledge  
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Theories of change: time for a radical approach to learning in development

Author: Craig Valters
Full Citation: Valters, C. (2015). Theories of change: time for a radical approach to learning in development. London, UK: Overseas Development Institute
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Review of the use of “theory of change” in international development

Author: Isabel Vogel
Full Citation: Vogel, I. (2012). Review of the use of "theory of change" in international development. (Review Report). London, UK: DFID
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
  • Literature Review – Rigorous
  • Research
    • Qualitative
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Monitoring and Evaluation, Theories of Change

Adapting development, improving services to the poor

Author: Leni Wild, David Booth, Clare Cummings, Marta Foresti, and Joseph Wales
Full Citation: Wild, L., et al. (2015). Adapting development, Improving Services to the poor. London, UK: Overseas Development Institute
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
  • Literature Review – Rigorous
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Theories of Change
  • Understand and Strive for Equity
Location(s):
  • Africa
  • Asia
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Monitoring and Evaluation, Theories of Change, Understand and Strive for Equity

Practical approaches to theories of change in conflict, security and justice programmes (Part 1: what they are, different types, how to develop and use them)

Author: Peter Woodrow and Nick Oatley
Full Citation: Woodrow, P., & Oatley, N. (2013). Practical approaches to theories of change in conflict, security and justice programmes (Part 1: what they are, different types, how to develop and use them). Collaborative Learning Project. London, UK: DFID
Resource Type:
  • Guidance Documents and Tools
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Relationships matter: the best kept secret of international aid?

Author: Rosalin Eyben
Full Citation: Eyben, R. (2011). Relationships matter: the best kept secret of international aid? in Investing in the immaterial, An annual digest for practitioners of development 2010/2011. Capetown, South Africa: CDRA
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Evidence, understanding and complexity: evaluation in non-Linear systems

Author: Marian Barnes, Elizabeth Matka, and Helen Sullivan
Full Citation: Barnes, M., Matka, E., & Sullivan, H. (2003). Evidence, understanding and complexity: evaluation in non-Linear systems. Evaluation, 9 (3). pp: 265-284.
Resource Type:
  • Conceptual Review
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Theories of Change
Location(s):
  • Europe and Eurasia
    • United Kingdom
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Monitoring and Evaluation, Theories of Change

Theories of change in international development: communication, learning, or accountability?

Author: Craig Valters
Full Citation: Valters, C. (2014). Theories of change in international development: communication, learning, or accountability?. (JSRP Paper 17)London, UK: Justice and Security Research Program, LSE
Resource Type:
  • Literature Review – Rigorous
  • Research
    • Qualitative
Topic(s):
  • Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs
    • Theories of Change
Location(s):
  • Asia
    • Nepal
    • Philippines
    • Sri Lanka
    • Timor Leste
Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Adaptive Management: Nice Idea, How Do You Do It?

Many practitioners struggle with program design and management of education projects in places where the threat of conflict is ever-present, where militias, gangs, and even just bullies are right around the corner. Recent reports from the field provide insight and tools on adaptive management and feedback loops, the core of USAID’s Collaborating, Learning and Adapting (CLA) approach. Read more »

Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

5 Top Reads on Feedback Loops

Incorporating feedback into your programming doesn’t have to be arduous or near-impossibly complex. We have gathered five quick and digestible links about feedback systems in developing countries.  Read more »

Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Adaptive Management: In the Loop

Is your education project in places where the threat of conflict is ever-present, where militias, gangs, or just bullies are around the corner, and where one runs away from rather than toward security forces for help? These situations, in the words of Ben Ramalingam, present “wicked problems”, where:

  • Goals are difficult to define, often with powerful stakeholders diverging on personal, political and institutional interests;
  • Change requires shifts in culturally conditioned relationships and behavior;
  • Read more  »

Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Adaptive Management: Youth, Livelihoods and Feedback Loops

A recent analysis of youth in Liberia indicates that fewer than ten percent are employed, whereas a Mercy Corps assessment indicates that something like eighty percent have at least one income stream, and almost half these youth have more than one source of income from work. This ‘mixed livelihoods’ lifestyle is a central feature of youths’ complex experience and identity. Yet, this work is often episodic, part-time, and can sometimes put youth at risk, Read more  »

Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Adaptive Management for Education in Unstable Settings: What will USAID’s New Guidance Mean for Education Projects?

Following up our first blog on adaptive management and emergent theories of change for Goal 3 activities, we are highlighting  Melissa Patsalides’ (Acting Deputy Director for USAID’s Office of Learning, Evaluation and Research) recent update on innovative policy and guidance developments in the Agency.

“Adaptive management is something many USAID staff and implementing partners have intuitively felt the need for, and sometimes implemented in spite of apparent bureaucratic constraints, Read more  »

Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change

Adaptive Management: A Radical New Approach to Programming in EiCC Contexts

Hello ECCN colleagues, I hope that the following and subsequent blogs will trigger a rich discussion among ECCN members about how best to incorporate concepts of adaptive management and emergent theories of change into USAID Goal 3* programs. PLEASE JOIN THE DISCUSSION by responding to this blog, and sharing your own ideas and related links, research, cases and evaluations that exemplify how ‘Adaptive Management’ and an emergent theory of change can work for education programming in crisis and conflict. Read more  »

Posted in Design, Implement, Research and Evaluate for Better EiCC Programs, Theories of Change