Reaching the underserved: complementary models of effective schooling

Author: Joseph DeStefano, Audrey-marie Schuh Moore, David Balwanz, and Ash Hartwell
Year: 2007
Agency: USAID
Full Citation: DeStefano, J., Moore, A. S., Balwanz, D., & Hartwell, A. (2007). Reaching the underserved: complementary models of effective schooling. Washington, D.C: USAID
Resource Type:
  • Research
  • Understand and Strive for Equity
    • Alternative Education: Livelihoods / Vocational Programming
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Latin America and The Caribbean
Overview: Many countries that have undergone expansion of access to public education still face significant disparities in school enrollment and attendance rates at sub-national levels, and fail to reach a high proportion of children who are outside of the government system. Completion and student learning have also continued to be system-wide challenges that many Ministries of Education struggle to address. To understand how these challenges might be addressed, EQUIP2 reviewed the experiences of ‘complementary’ models that successfully reach underserved populations. EQUIP2 identified nine case examples of complementary, community-based approaches to schooling from around the world, and developed a research methodology for analyzing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of those models. The cases in this book demonstrate that complementary education programs can provide a unique and critical role to addressing EFA goals – particularly for disadvantaged and underserved populations. Moreover, the results of complementary education program are frequently equal to or better than to the government schools in terms of improving access, completion, and learning outcomes. (p. 1)

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